You must have heard about the networking operating system and also some few things to know about it even you haven’t stick with us to get all you need to know about networking OS. As we all know that an Operating system (OS) is defined as system software that facilitates and manages the computer resources or allows the computer hardware to communicate with the application software.
The computer has so many operating systems which include the networking operating system, batch operating system, multitasking operating system, multiprocessing operating system, hybrid operating system and so on. But in this article, our major focus will be on the networking operating system.
What is a networking operating system?
The networking operating system or network (OS) can be defined as the computer operating system that allows and felicitate the connection and communication of different autonomous computers within a single network.
An autonomous computer can be your PC, desktop computer or any independent computer that has local memory, hardware and operating system which is capable of performing operations and processing user input.
In a simpler term, a network operating system can be defined as a special operating system for a network device. These network devices may comprise routers, firewalls and switches.
The networking operating system is built primarily to support printers, workstations and personal computers (PC) which are connected together on a local area network (LAN). The networking operating system allows multiple devices within a network to communicate and share resources with one another.
The network operating system mainly allows the sharing of files between two or more computers in the network therefore it provides security and the ability to manage data, users, applications and other network functionalities.
What are examples of network operating systems?
Some example of networking operating system includes the following which is listed below
- Microsoft windows server 2003
- Microsoft windows server 2008
- Microsoft Windows 2000
- Microsoft Windows XP
- Artisoft’s LANtastic
- Sun Solaris
- Banyan VINES
- macOS X
- Novell NetWare
What are the types of network operating systems?
There are basically two types of networking operating systems which we are going to discuss one after the other including their advantages and disadvantages. The two types of network operating systems are
Peer-to-Peer networking operating system
Peer-to-Peer is a networking operating system that easy to step up and work best with small and medium Local Area Network (LAN), it is very cheap and allows users to have access and share network resources through a commonly accessible network location. Peer-to-Peer is built in such a way that each device is treated equally in terms of functionality and all have the same privileges to use resources available on the network.
Advantages of Peer-to-Peer
Advantages of peer-to-peer in network operating systems include the following
- The setup process is easy and natural
- No much requirement of hardware
- No server needs to be established.
Disadvantages of Peer-to-Peer
Below are some of the disadvantages associated with peer-to-peer in network operating system
- The security level is poor when compared to client-server.
- Lack of central location for storage means different system have their individual storage capacity.
Client-server networking operating system
The client-server networking operating system is expensive and requires a huge amount of technical maintenance to keep it running, the operating system provides users with access to network resources through a server. Client-server allows all functions and applications to be unified under one file server which is used to execute individual client actions regardless of physical location and distance. The main advantage of client-server is that network is controlled centrally and making changes or additions to it is easier.
Advantages of Client-server
- The server provides security to the machines
- Different machines can remotely access the server from different locations in this model
- Hardware can easily be connected to the system
- More stability to the central server.
Disadvantages of Client-server
- It is more expensive when compared to the peer-to-peer model
- Regular updates are required
- Over-dependence on the central location for operations such as data accessing.
Features of networking operating systems
These features are associated with user administration, system maintenance (such as backup), and resources management functionality and some of the networking operating systems include the following.
- Networking security abilities such as access control, user authentication credentials and user restriction.
- Internetworking capabilities like WAN ports
- Application sharing like printers
- Database and common file system sharing
- Backup and web service
- Providing support for operating systems such as multiprocessing, protocol, processor support, and hardware detection.
- User management capabilities such as the provision of remote control.
Example of network operating system
A network operating system is software that helps and enhances the functionality of the operating system (OS) by providing additional network features to the OS. Some examples of network operating systems include the following
Microsoft LAN Manager:-the Microsoft LAN manager was developed to run under Microsoft OS and it operates as a server application. Most of Microsoft LAN manager functionality is now included in the Windows OS.
Banyan’s VINES:-this is an example of a client-server algorithm that uses the client-server architecture to request specific services and functions.
Artisoft’s LANtastic:-this type of network operating system supports most personal computers (PC) and is user friendly.
Novell’s NetWare:-this network operating system was the first to be released and designed using the XNS protocol architecture.
Advantages of network operating system
As we mention above network operating system helps to enhance the operating system and below are some of the advantages of the network operating system
- Network OS have easy hardware configurations.
- Provide excellent performance
- Network operating systems provide the best protection
- Network operating system is Easy to setup
- No need for a centralized server
- No need for more hardware equipment
- New technologies can easily be configured in the network
- Offers better stability with a dedicated server
- The ability of all components in a network operating system to work simultaneously
Disadvantages of network operating system
- The network operating system does not contain centre storage space
- It is more expensive
- It depends on the centre server for all types of operations such as accessing data and storage
- It needs regular updates
- It is not the most protected system